Landscapes and Seascapes at 311 Gallery in Raleigh
Top Raleigh Art Gallery 311 Gallery highlights works of Landscapes and Seascapes
Nov 3 - Nov 25
Landscape painting has played different roles in art history over the centuries beginning as backgrounds for historical, religious, and allegorical paintings as well as portraits. It wasn’t until the end of the 15th century that artists like Leonardo da Vinci and Albrecht Duer began painting pure landscapes.
In the early 16th century the Germans, Italians, and Dutch developed a new style of landscape painting using aerial and graphical perspectives that remained influential for a century. The idealized Italian landscape, pastoral, hilly, and wooded, was used by artists throughout Northern Europe. Many Northern European artists made a living selling Italianate landscapes without ever making a trip to Italy! This style was so popular that it became formulaic and could be copied over and over again.
In the 18th century, John Rushkin noted that people were “apt to assume that the appreciation of natural beauty and the painting of landscapes is a normal and enduring part of our spiritual activity.” This idea was intensified during the Romantic movement and refined by the French Barbizon School providing the platform for the Impressionist and Post-Impressionists.
In the early 19th century when the United States was expanding west, artists were encouraged to go out west and record the epic scope of the landscape. Their (Hudson River School) mammoth scale works gave viewers a sense of the new territory while celebrating the wondrous creation earth is. Not long after artists began to incorporate the raw, terrifying power of nature.
The Industrial Revolution altered many traditions and ways of life, including landscape painting. Landscapes moved from an idealized, classical form to the more focused painting of out-of-doors, creating a more tactile and visual experience.
The introduction of photography in the early 20th century gave the artist more control over composition and subject matter. Beginning in the late 20th century, the genre expanded to respond to fears of global destruction and ecological disasters. The definition has grown to include urban, cultural, industrial, and architectural landscapes.
In the 21st century, we continue to celebrate the wondrous creation of earth while contemplating the impact we as humans have on the land. Join us at 311 Gallery for a national juried exhibition of the best of contemporary landscapes.
311 W. Martin St. Raleigh
Fri-Sat 12-4pm & 5-8pm